Rivendell's Index of Constructed Languages
This is my (probably quixotic) attempt to catalog all of the constructed languages that have a notable HTML presence. I'll be updating this periodically as I discover more languages.
This list is inspired by Richard Kennaway's incomparable List of Constructed Languages. Sadly, that list hasn't been updated in many years and lots of the links are dead (RIP Geocities...). This list collects the remaining languages from Richard's list and adds some new ones.
See also The Conlang Yellow Pages (archived) compiled by Joshua Shinavier.
Alphabetic List of Languages
Adare is one of the major classical and literary languages of Vissalys, created by Asier G. It has a remarkably Quenya-like flavor. Las páginas son en español.
Nîranna quorene danthelme, Nîranna vendelmente
“One ring to rule them all, one ring to find them”
Adelic is a Germanic-style artlang.
Vellmöst! dü teed bintde de attlðunges gæmmstadd.
“Hello! and welcome to the Adelic Language Page.”
Alarian is a fictional language with
modernregisters. It was created by Noby Nobriga.
Siha tula taa, Tul eiltois, Anta tiv, Anta koha mon/ma
“She came here long ago and gave us hope.”
AllNoun is more like a notation for semantics than a speakable language. It expresses the meaning of English sentences using only English nouns and a few special symbols. It is designed by Tom Breton.
.father us:child heaven:place you. need consecration (you m:^name):patient.
“Our father, who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name.”
Almalinë is an Elvish-inspired language that's quite easy to learn.
Télminal bei ablanen. Nui mectar nyen.
“I can eat glass. It doesn't hurt me.”
Almaqerin is a vaguely Celtic-flavored language from the world of Silé, created by Didier Willis.
mahanantelann dogoth o·vel ne nirshanter.
“He opened the chest that I had offered him.”
Alphistian is the official language of Alphistia and Project Alphistia. It is the creation of Tony Skaggs.
Trist, yem nu enske ya vehatvase. Da!
“I'm sorry, but I must leave now. Goodbye.”
KAMSAVIDOVRI IKRAVEKDOT HUMAN
“GREETINGS, WORTHLESS HUMAN”
Aluric or Alurhsa is spoken on the planet Alurhna. It was constructed to unite the planet's people during the Enesnerrëvensës or Unification. It looks very complete, but all the information about it is in Esperanto.
Shthe lhôñ úmázhë ¿áms, ddá hálÿ ñelef réqásválÿ dyárán?
“Who are these people, and how did I not know about them?”
Amerysk is designed as a unifying cultural factor for North American Odinists. The vocabulary is derived from Saxon and Scandinavian languages.
ik gaa til thaem løtte hus
“I'm going to the little house”
An'dorian is spoken by An'dorians, a blue-skinned alien race from Star Trek. Their four castes each pronounce vowels differently, and use different pronouns. Nouns are divided into eight classes: abstract, animate, flat, long, round, sentient, spongy, and wet.
Iit im Thezuraa oth emzireeng
“Go ask the Philosophers”
ámman-îar is a language by David Bell, inspired by J.R.R. Tolkien's languages.
i galdranne eleth en i feng ernurgoraen
“Galdor slew the dragon.”
Anawanda is a language by Tommaso Donnarumma.
muullúúrattuu la taa riicám
“Climb the stone for me.”
Aninese is spoken by the people of Anin, a country in central Betelavis, on the planet of Uteged.
Azarade alovès ,co diomamoiroènibone òsa co dionamoroènine
“One is not King through former deeds, but through continuing ones.”
Arcana Verba, a Celtic-themed family (?) of languages. Currently there are several wordlists and some materials on real-world and Tolkien languages.
Arden was designed for personal communication by Tommaso Donnarumma and Jean-François Smith.
vilhe cer remen lei
“Keep my joy with you.”
Arkian is the official literary language of the Ark Federation. It is created by Jan Havlis.
Enrojumesdu firab kastieba enbantunge
“He left because the house was old.”
Arovën, the "language of thought" is the artlang counterpart to the logical language Danovën. It is intended to mimic the nonlinear, network-like structure of human thought. Made by Joshua Shinavier.
Ëldyavay taylen nil brijän
“I saw a microbe in that inn.”
Barallen is the creation of Kevin K.
Kawedai'iz zahem degh'e'etiz!
“You are all idiots!”
Bendeh has no firm divisions between parts of speech. It is designed by Nathaniel Lew.
Bynuh rozxguf enov
“In case of fire, do not open the door”
B-G-2-3 combines colors and patterns to form visual "syllables". I imagine the native script would be rather pretty; unfortunately, the Romanization is not. It is designed by Adam Walker.
V-12 S-11 X-G-11-7 I-Y-10-5 C-8 A-7
“Violet-spark Silver-shimmer was seeking true treasure.”
Facifa nwii Ngarsam, ein ngeivaza shur acu.
“Ngarsam saw the shaft of light and covered his eyes.”
Bogomol is a “quantum language” spoken by an insectoid species of the planet Amaterasu. Any given syllable (really, syllables in the language are three-note chords) has many possible meanings, which collapse into a single meaning when a “ranking syllable” is uttered. Created by Teresh.
med var myap saz maan
“I see Mother”
Borg is spoken by the Borg of Star Trek. It has an elegant infix-based derivational morphology. A ten-lesson course in the language is provided along with the grammar. Created by Terrence Donnelly, a.k.a. Teresh.
neqan lhu peDHan
“a certain amount of nutrients”
Ciravesu is the lingua franca of the Ciravean Empire. Created by Pablo Flores.
Eceni ty unumb' eceva.
“That which was, shall be again.”
Curco is a language descended from Draseléq. Its phonology is similar to Quenya; its grammar is much like that of Japanese. Made by Pablo Flores.
Tai fisin zeus hentec zap tamal njazausam soldar njas mercas.
“The years just passed like swift sweet draughts of white mead.”
Cyroman is designed by Mark Rosenfelder. It is not a conlang, but an alphabet that is simultaneously Roman and Cyrillic. It's used on the planets of Euko and Novorossiya, but might be of practical interest to English speakers looking to learn Cyrillic.
Danovën is an unambiguous logical language by Joshua Shinavier.
Corim wëlnyavay nëlene harden bayre.
“In silence I beheld the sadly beautiful green lands.”
“I always love your potions.”
Denden is a fictional language with many example texts, by Boudewijn Rempt.
Aya! sémari'ryadhe gabu ni
“I wish I was a porcelain cup”
Draseléq is an inflecting language with a European flavor. Invented by Pablo Flores.
füleq roddhersen màss
Fustaq i rront-essalül siarn
mi sian thunthn thundeq padhanth
“In the north far away in the north
the trees stopped growing
and the great and blue summoned us
and the waves called our names”
[BROKEN LINK] DJ is a musical language invented by Robbie C.
was created in the early 1980s in order to escape reality and to develop a new way of communication which is not based on or influenced by tradition, history and other languages.It is the creation of Arne Duering, who has apparently recorded many songs in the language; these are available on YouTube.
th'igró hii le bhchain thairg ó'gu g-tbreanii sblúc le g-yeàd
“We lie together in the green grass with a smile on our faces”
Dunnek is spoken by the Dun people of western/central Europe and the British Isles. It is based on triconsonantal roots, much like Arabic. Created by Terrence Donnelly, A.K.A. Teresh.
idaa kanish halk fiiq kaaf?
“How do you know this man?”
Dutton World Speedwords, or Rap Lin Rie, is a shorthand system that doubles as an international language. Invented by Reginald Dutton.
B i u la sig, w p n diwe -- w p n disak -- w p n masak -- c plag.
“But in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate -- we cannot consecrate -- we cannot hallow -- this ground.”
Ehrinaki is a language by Sirlan Tomma.
arar jev dase frail
good smell of flower
Epiq is a language by David J. Peterson.
Pwani tunkâ u? tây ma pânyâxâni.
“The polar bear ate the meat in the house.”
Erone is a language by Carrie Schutrick, influenced by Quenya and French.
Ale lea ressod dem ale belut fo dem lea mirané terues.
“I gave the cat to the boy who I saw.”
Esei is a language by Tuomo Sipola. It is inflecting and distinguishes between two different "grades" of consonants that are used in different grammatical situations.
Nateri ani waen padao teni ti, terenau mis, ka lede ba so waen kevinavu.
“Only God is as wise as you, my king, and that is not sure.”
Euransi is an international auxiliary language invented by Libor Sztemon.
Âm Fâdari e ney, Te ceture pâ asmân âst, ha nâma e Tey avirzine bud.
“Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name.”
Folkspraak is an attempt to create an international language for speakers of Germanic languages. It originally “developed in the mid-1960's as a pidgin speech used by and among an interdenominational and international monastic community located in an abandoned medieval convent on a small island off the western coast of Denmark”. The website is by Bill Courson.
Folkspraak planen tu utfuhren in en regional Skale, wad die Esperanto ond andere planered Spraakens for de Werld hav sielen.
“Folkspraak aims to achieve on a regional scale what Esperanto and other planned languages have aimed for globally.”
Fjinnjikulla is a language-game that transforms Italian text into faux-Finnish. It is created by Tommaso Donnarumma.
Flaidish (rhymes with plaid-ish) is invented by Mark Rosenfelder.
Se gaar fostpo garchet, ʔok fotse for ʔy lesteʔo.
“If you cooked catfish, I'm going to a restaurant.”
Gamyar is the language of a mysterious people discovered in Siberia in 1929, following reports of large shiny objects flying through the sky at “immeasurable speed”. It uses the Cyrillic script.
Лалутэгэ Родината, аяжла свобдузлиd, газву забрузыжла эсунг братствокат!
Lalutege Rodinata, ayazhla svobduzlið, gazvu zabruzyzhla esung bratstvokat!
“Sing to the Motherland, our freedom, bulwark of peoples strong in brotherhood!”
Ganh is a language-sketch based around triconsonantal roots.
“A dog I don't like who's close to you and far from me.”
Gnollish is made by Jacob Sherman. Currently there is a wordlist and some information about pronunciation.
Gnomish, or (in Gnomish) Relgaddyd, is one of my own conlangs. It is notable for being a quasi-cipher of English, though quite a sophisticated one. This means that new words can be generated algorithmically from their English equivalents.
Gol nemwdfyn lomwthed.
“I recall skiing.”
Goblin was begun in 1989 by Didier Willis. It is based on Greek and Quenya. The page has several examples, but little other information.
Pú thar-inShtýreinigh phrunen-sawá luethnyalleh, verainiman thir, ar vekra lýt ire ó fartanen...
“Then the sovereign deities all went on the thrones of stone, the very holy gods, and here is what they decided...”
Griuskant is an impressively complete fictional language, featuring a runic script, many long texts, and a textbook to help you prepare for the Griuskant Language Examination (GLE). Invented by Reyzadren.
Aesk paeda zher xeka shaigauae roetzaev thak puathai stomsdratae merg.
“I sit and write today's entry under the canopy of a swaying palm tree.”
Gweydr has vowel harmony and two writing systems: an alphabetic script, and a glyphic script used for stone carving. Invented by David J. Peterson.
Ĥórs rädeks kíjél lôžôt hinti râdôw.
“The blackest dog found a bone.”
Hallon is a language by Paul V. Townsend.
Ha mu gom urieba, mo se ha vadu sil vul ruvashu udol.
“I couldn't sleep, so I came out here to look at the stars.”
Hänäthlîêr is a simple language with an apparently Japanese-inspired grammar. It has a series of lessons. Invented by Shane Hampton.
oye mo fen ne yipethälthir hâl pethä.
“I run quickly to the cat”
[BROKEN LINK] Ichu Ilngwoy is a language designed to mirror the experience of an acid trip: words inflect based on whatever color you happen to be experiencing the referent as and how real you think it is, sentences can be infinitely long, there are no third-person pronouns, and everything has its proper level of vibe. Brought to you by Robbie C.
afrkoy asflo ashfloy akrso.
“The fork is useful and the shovel is crazy.”
Ido describes itself as “improved Esperanto”. It has fewer required grammatical markings and a more naturalistic derivational morphology than Esperanto.
La mondo bezonas facila linguo.
“The world needs an easy language.”
Interlingua is a language for international communication. It is similar to Esperanto, but more scientifically developed: the grammar and vocabulary are extracted from several European languages.
Iste sitos es indicate simplemente proque illos utilisa interlingua.
“These sites are listed simply because they use Interlingua.”
Jutean is a language with Austronesian alignment (i.e. it features both ergative and accusative alignments), a lexicon of ~4800 words, and three grammatical genders: common, abstract, and “wild”.
Memo tuuvohi, haa? Sino ta tovivohi.
“Did I say downgrade? I meant upgrade.”
Kamakawi is the invention of David J. Peterson. It is designed to resemble Hawai'ian.
Ae kuikiki tiviki ti Ana, ule ala ka inu i Ana!
“The rat doesn't interest Ana, because Ana has two sticks!”
Sayanawsa sisi ki li eni yu wakawiyoko.
“Cold weather gives you wrinkles.”
Keneak is a conlang by ME! It tries to be a logical language while incorporating some artistry.
yot xearram an lam hiko ed tsion jore met koalrath.
“The pirates, on the other hand, did not believe that hats had souls.”
“Where is the bathroom?”
Knarwaz is a language-sketch by Pablo Flores. Its pronouns have interesting clusivity distinctions, and instead of prepositions, particles are suffixed to the ablative case of nouns.
“from our mountains”
Lākisihusēʻihetesu, or Lāki for short, is a language from the world of Miheku.
Sēlakihélu lākimeáfu Kēlikenekū me Nihelúme kekenétu heusófu heusoū.
“All the boats landed at Kēlikene, and Nihelu wept for the mainland out of loss.”
Latino Moderne is an international auxiliary language that explores what Latin might be like if it had survived to the present day. Created by David Theodore Stark.
E tote la terra era de uno lingua, e del mesme parolas.
“And all the earth was of one language, and of the same words.”
Liva is a logical language by Claudio Gnoli.
ni xa me £o wamilanow £îa þî l þe.
“I went to Milan for love reasons.”
Lojban is a structurally unambiguous language based on predicate logic. It was begun by the Logical Language Group in 1987, with construction continuing over several decades. Among its many unusual features are attitudinals, a set of particles that function like spoken emoticons.
i lo se skina cu mutce cinri ui
“The plot of the movie is very interesting :)”
Machi is spoken by the insectoid race of Epsilon Indi II, a.k.a. Amaterasu. Its speakers' articulated windpipes enable them to communicate using musical tones. It is created by Teresh.
“Your friend is with me.”
[BROKEN LINK] Makwa Agal is an artlang invented by Robbie C.
Eyuha lala wengi dach.
“I don't care that you're sweaty.”
Mesogeóika is a personal language by Alex Katsaros, which combines elements of Greek, Cypriot, German, English, Latin, French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese. It uses a special alphabet containing both Greek and Latin letters.
Λo Máρκo θa δiaβaζángo λen Βiβλíen.
“Mark is reading the book.”
Mowhan is an Ibero-Romance language—the “secondary” language of the Mowameddo Regime.
Mosurestâ-Vos vots duino án muo, mìeu?
“Do you bite your thumb at me, sir?”
Shasoanis shailis ni, lusū!
“Don't walk while reading, idiot!”
Neelan, the Language of the Future, is hosted on one of the oldest personal websites on the internet, with over 9000 views! It has a series of lessons. Created by Neil Buckley.
Ut* bey thanot-l-Oligondov Frankco, milkom.
“Pass me the French magazine, please.”
Neo is an international auxiliary language invented by Arturo Alfandari in 1961.
Kan mi dezur resi yuna!
“How I would like to be young again!”
Neo-Dalmatian is an attempt to revive Dalmatian, an extinct Romance language.
Les res soant da les yoámnes.
“Kings are men.”
Njaama is a pitch-accent language by David J. Peterson.
Héé yóko li sáángi sa níwáázé sá.
“The mongoose talked to the man.”
Nordien is an auxiliary language with a Germanic feel, invented by Aaron Chapman.
Eg spreke neet Nordien so gud.
“I don't speak much Nordien.”
Ti unesmi libre elaborad li gramatike de Novial e anke mikri parte de li vokablaro.
“This first book elaborated the grammar of Novial and also a small part of the vocabulary.”
kyoŋa'a'ytnuf kɒilŋa'a'nankochukɯntokyy suɯr tichimyk
“I hate not being able to sleep some nights.”
[BROKEN LINK] Palo is a conlang with a color-based writing system, invented by Robbie C. It is designed to capture a very specific aesthetic.
Mi sa tuka pa tutun.
“I don't want insects.”
Patriensh is a language created by Mike Brooker for the micronation of Patria. It is influenced by Latin.
Períful delivrán ísí santanán,
fecamortán ísí malefítorán,
ín omnís epoquís ímí nasquïtí.
“To deliver the holy men,
to destroy the evil-doers
and to restore righteousness,
I take birth in every age.”
q~'u^pl! has a phoneme inventory consisting mostly of trills, clicks, and whistles. It is designed by Adam Walker.
q~yn pl~upth! th~yht! t#n!pk~'y^l!t~ pth#c~ic! y pth#pl~'y^r! q pk!?~'un!
“Come, let us build a city and a tower that reaches Heaven.”
Rokbeigalmki is the invention of Stephen “Steg” Belksy.
i uhmzu-guvdhab, mald wa'yu-a, “ei! amzii-kek kekm, i amzii-dazek!”
“And they said, one to the other, ‘hey! We'll make bricks, and ignite [fire]!’”
Sarkelean is a simple language based on English; the phonology looks Quenya-inspired.
“He will kill.”
Sathir is an infixing, VOS, ergative language by David J. Peterson.
Antwenthu twoya edone yora ur.
“Not every rock contains a gem.”
Soleian is the main language of the continent of Soleia. Currently, it has a phonology, a phrasebook, and an (apparently Japanese-influenced) writing system. It is the creation of James Henry Rose.
Lêm sâ tsiâ né.
“I love you.”
Streich is a language by Tommaso Donnarumma.
Es luin. Wánun kant ewa nyru ab. Hymun e swardwiny. Thérn feriek denn i trewi te ferlíf i birch án: mechti ferkréth fal chewa plau ji nyrfyn.
“It rains. Down from the sky the water falls. Brooks are freezing. But throw wood into the fire and drive the winter out; and pour sweet wine without thrift.”
Taruven is a language by kaleissin.
lenēth šuìkuì šuìhrenn
“They say, ‘live by the sword, die by the sword.’”
Mozc kaxat kve karak winjo ak Scjanatl
“You're as fortunate as a spider.”
Thosk is a fictional language with a vaguely Germanic style. It has a detailed description and several example texts. Created by Dean Easton.
Rim go sterene enoht bu megel.
“There are a lot of stars tonight.”
sácini søsýː ci.
“I burned some milk.”
Toki Pona, the
language of good, is an oligosynthetic philosophical interlanguage created by Sonja Lang (jan Sonja). Its minimalistic, 120-ish word vocabulary is designed to nudge speakers toward expressing things in a simple, straightforward way. Documented at the link above by /dev/urandom.
tomo tawa sina li pakala ala pakala?
“Is your car messed up?”
Tomoulini Ganmaa is a polysynthetic language by Pablo Flores.
damaa luurai, looi ganumaanye, looi mitemaa, kaalare milinmaa choonlinjoonrunyei.
“All the world had the same language and used the same words.”
Tornaysan is a fictional language with a European flavor. It has an elaborate case system with agentive/patientive alignment.
Hafunčyos xayčiv Tasnaran lažyar.
“Tasnaran lit a fire to flush the geese.”
Yisun undlashar putravum
“YISUN is capable of contemplating nothing.”
Tsolyani is a fictional language developed for the world of Tekumel by Prof. M.A.R. Barker, and used for the TSR game The Empire of the Petal Throne. It is documented at the link above by Terrence Donnelly, a.k.a. Teresh.
basrimkoi, lum dimlal muni tlamaisur, dahlte gual.
“The man whom I hit is here.”
Tundrian is a Romance language invented by Gabor Sandi. It looks very complete; there are several long example texts.
Le xerpi boë englûttiscen lâ lour preida intêirament, sin masçar-lâ.
“Boas swallow their prey whole, without chewing it.”
Tvern El is an isolating language. It has a minimal phoneme inventory, but allows many unusual consonant clusters. It uses a bopomofo-like writing system.
Gen Tkal tar e Gdarn kvaln.
“Meanwhile, Tkal noticed a Gdarn (a large flying creature).”
Tydash has six genders based on an animacy hierarchy, and does not distinguish between adjectives and verbs. It is invented by Carrie Schutrick.
nisaellin hreshik nem?
“Who do you love?”
Styy, chuu dvaz jortsyvry
“Incorrect, this is a bag.”
Vabungula is a personal language started by Bill Price in 1965. Its grammar and extensive vocabulary are accompanied by several translations of long texts.
Buna so cu dal cabuda ke, ketudzz so cu aguglu ke la ka.
“If I could understand it, I would tell you so.”
kavek ya kathani, uslorosn ani, usloro rahyabihngo yihvhota
“I am very near, my people, as near as air to skin.”
Aikote paniri ne gordot hornajurere ka kanot kun srerinur, ca fajen jeduminu aicomo gaujiner lorumur.
“The North Wind and the Sun were disputing which was the stronger, when a traveler came along wrapped in a warm cloak.”
X is a pictographic language with no spoken form. Like ancient Egyptian, it uses determinatives to add meta-information to symbols. It is the invention of David J. Peterson.
Xara is a language designed to be a practical and expressive means of communication between friends. Invented by Jim Taylor.
adajme taxonmeyir na xalevasme naron.
“Someday whales will sing to dolphins.”
xathmel is the common language of the planet Xaîn. It has three grammars, roxathmel, baxathmel, and tixathmel, that are used in different social circumstances. Invented by Paul Blake.
kifmarammu x-ixel sha nioreth
u-liferklu x-ilot te x-irindil
ilot na kondo; u-sanser antole
“I remember the warm nights beside the water
How the blossoms fell and fell into the voice of the stream
Kondo blossoms; and they flowed far away.”
Yf Rgalin is the invention of Mark Shoulson, “a study in a few strange features that happened to appeal to its creator.”
xek nok lagev ymr ome?
“Did you not see me?”
Zaynktooks is a language by Spence.
roDanvo eqaZ ryqDAlo VeBeqec graDu zAnqDUqZec.
“Hello and welcome to the official Zaynktooksian web site.”
Zhyler is a language by David J. Peterson. It has fifty-seven cases, seventeen noun classes, and vowel harmony, and is inspired by Turkish.
Werven pettir sayaslar.
“The wolf killed the king.”
Zoinx was "meant to be a personal experiment and kind of an elaborate joke" but definitely appears to be a functional language. Its vocabulary and grammar are designed to be orthogonal: that is, words have minimal semantic overlap. Invented by Roger Espel Llima.
nebavi go i malaveldi`ato he`i ro seran parski ondirne`i.
“I was looking, fascinated, at this strange phenomenon.”
Other Links of Interest
Ahua, the Water Language. An essay about a very strange language, by Richard Kennaway
The Language Construction Kit is a how-to guide for conlanging. Fight linguistic extinction and invent a language today!
Zompist's online Word Generator.
A method of generating "flavored words" invented by the late Gary Shannon
Jörg Rhiemeier's site has many essays on conlanging and real-world languages.
How to pronounce Hindi sounds, with audio recordings.